Eastham's new Community Preservation Plan establishes allocation goals beyond minimums

This winter and spring, I had the pleasure of working with the Eastham Community Preservation Committee to develop a 5-year Community Preservation Plan that establishes clear priorities among and within each CPA funding category, allocation targets beyond the minimum 10% requirements, and project possibilities.   Eastham is a beautiful outer Cape community with stunning scenic views, significant coastal and natural resources, diverse historic resources, high interest in recreation, and an active local housing trust.

The Community Preservation Plan is highly customized to help guide the CPC’s deliberations and give clear guidance to potential applicants.  In addition to establishing guiding principles, allocation targets, and category goals, the plan details the Town’s past CPA allocations, debt commitments, and revenue projections.

Utilizing the interactive “CPA Tetris” group discussion method, developed by JM Goldson, to help the public visualize Eastham’s projected 5-year CPA budget, workshop participants prioritized dozens of project ideas covering the four CPA funding categories.  We also employed digital group polling to provide participants with an interactive education about Eastham’s CPA program and eligibility.  Based on the priorities established through this process, we also revamped the CPC’s application materials to reflect funding priorities.

Share

Strong Interest in Walkable Mixed-Use Communities

Does your community provide the living options that people want? Do your development regulations even allow the type of community that people (consumers) want? Will your community continue to be a desirable place to live as consumer preferences change? This article by Joseph Molinaro, AICP, on the PlannersWeb describes a recent National Realtor’s survey that indicates a very strong demand for homes in walkable neighborhoods. Check it out.National Realtors Survey Indicates Strong Interest in Walkable Mixed-Use Neighborhoods

Share

A role for Children in Planning

A post by Bill Lennertz, executive director of the National Charrette Institute, “Children: Savvy Community Planners,” is one among many posts on the American Planning Association’s (APA) Kids Planning Toolbox. Lennertz emphasis the value that children can bring when included in charrettes with their knowledge of special neighborhood places and a different perspective than adults – often a more open-minded perspective.  Lennertz advises that involving classes with the support of teachers can prove effective, especially at the middle school age.  Lennertz writes about a charrette in Michigan where members of the team visited middle school classes to involve the children in mini-charrettes.

The blog includes many other ideas for involving children in planning activities and ways to bring community and schools together.  Years ago I was involved in Citizen Schools as a volunteer teacher with a colleague.  We taught a group of Boston Public School 4th graders about community planning, helping them see their community in a different way and helping us see our profession in a different way.

Share

The Greater Boston Housing Report Card 2013 Released

The Boston Foundation recently released the 2013 Greater Boston Housing Report Card (Housing Report Card), which provides a comprehensive analysis of the state of housing and its relationship with the economy in the Greater Boston region.  The analysis included communities in five counties:  Essex, Middlesex, Norfolk, Plymouth, and Suffolk.

The Housing Report Card should be required reading for all town officials, board/committee members, and community activists who deal with any aspect of community development in the Greater Boston region.

Ultimately, housing is related to all of the other challenges we face – from education to job training to community development as a whole.  As we move forward in shaping approaches and policies in all of these areas, our thinking is wonderfully informed by the treasure trove of information and analysis in these pages.  (Housing Report Card, p.4)

Some key points:

Household Income & Cost of Living

  • Since 2005, the overall cost of living in the region increased twice as fast as median household income for homeowners and three times as fast as median household income for renters.
  • Although Massachusetts’ recovery from the Great Recession was stronger than the nation’s, the Massachusetts’ economy seems to have suddenly stalled.  This is likely to result in continued stagnation or perhaps even decline in household incomes.
  • Single-family home prices are growing as are condominium prices. In fact, a six-year trend of falling condominium sales turned a corner in 2012 when sales jumped 25% from 2011.  Rent prices continue to increase as they have every year since 2003.

Housing affordability is as serious a problem as ever, not just because of rising home prices and rents, but because of stagnant or declining household income.  Renters have been the hardest hit. (Housing Report Card, p.10)

Zoning Key to Meeting New Housing Demand

  • The strength of the region’s economy is directly linked with housing supply.  The greatest demand for new housing is expected to be from aging Baby Boomers wanting to downsize and young Millennials who prefer multi-family housing.  This fact led to the Governor’s goal to produce 10,000 multi-family units statewide per year through 2020.
  • There has already been a significant shift from construction of single-family homes to multi-family units to meet this demand, but it isn’t yet enough.  The main obstacle is local zoning.

The high cost of housing in Massachusetts is, of course, directly related to a lack of supply.  The authors of this report delve into the reasons why our state ranks 47th out of 50 in the number of new housing permits per capita and discover that it is largely because of the way our cities and towns actively zone out the all-important multi-family developments that can help solve so many of our affordable housing challenges.  (Housing Report Card, p.4)

I encourage you to read the full Housing Report.  You may also find it interesting to watch principal author Barry Bluestone’s presentation on October 10, 2013.

Share

Norwood Housing Production Plan Adopted

Last week, the Norwood Board of Selectmen and Planning Board unanimously adopted the Town’s first Housing Production Plan.  The Town, just south of Boston, is under extensive development pressure with 800-900 housing units in the pipeline.  The Town positioned themselves to have greater control over development by creating the Housing Production Plan (and just in the nick of time!).

JM Goldson was engaged as lead on the project last spring and assembled a team including Oxbow Partners, Larry Koff and Associates, and Bluestone Planning Group. On the heals of town approval of the Plan, the Zoning Board of Appeals approved a 260+ unit comprehensive permit.  The Town hopes this permit will lead to a two-year certification of the Housing Production Plan, which would enable denials of comprehensive permits to be upheld.

Through stakeholder interviews and an interactive community workshop, it was apparent that an important component of the plan would be to promote smart growth development near the Town’s commercial centers to further downtown economic revitalization as well as economic development and open space conservation goals.  Emphasizing the interconnections between affordable housing, community preservation, and economic development goals are threaded throughout the Plan.

Town officials embrace the Housing Production Plan, which was submitted last week for state approval, and are serious about implementing the various local housing initiatives the plan recommends.  In fact, the Town is already working on adopting a new MGL c.40R Smart Growth Overlay District in Norwood Center which may be presented to Town Meeting as early as this fall and could produce close 250-300 housing units through redevelopment of an underutilized industrial complex.

Click here to download the Norwood Housing Production Plan.

Share

Visualizing a CPA Budget – “CPA Tetris Exercise”

MK Hunt at the CP Workshop

Bridgewater's CPC Chair, Marilee Kenney Hunt, presents a visual budget proposal for CPA funds

What is the chair of the Bridgewater Community Preservation Committee (CPC) talking about in this photo?  What is the very colorful presentation board all about?  Last night at the Community Preservation Workshop & Public Hearing, a crowd of residents and town officials created nine proposed 5-year budgets using a visual budgeting technique developed by JM Goldson.  Forget pie-in-the-sky laundry lists of projects; forget mind-numbing spreadsheets!   This technique makes setting realistic budget priorities accessible (and fun!).

Let me explain.  Instead of just holding a traditional annual public hearing (the minimum required by the CPA statute, which hardly any one ever attends), the Bridgewater CPC held a combined public hearing and workshop.  The very short public hearing section at the end of the evening was meant to fulfill the requirement, whereas the workshop section of the night was to actually engage citizens with an interactive exercise to get real input about funding priorities.  The CPC generated additional interest for the workshop by offering a free pizza dinner, free childcare, and door prizes (including 2 canoes, bicycles, and skiis!).

During the workshop each of nine small discussion groups were provided with an “empty” rectangle that represented the $5.5M estimated CPA revenue available for new projects over the next 5 years.  The rectangle was to scale and came with a packet of scaled and color-coded shapes that represent project ideas in each CPA spending category.  We also provided blank shapes for new project ideas.

The catch was that there was absolutely no way to fit all the projects ideas in the 5-year budget rectangle, so this forced some tough choices and lots of discussion.  Each of the nine groups needed to come to consensus about the projects that ended up in the 5-year budget (no voting).  After one hour of focused discussion, we had nine 5-year budget proposals!   Next steps:  Working with JM Goldson, the CPC will compare the nine budget scenarios and determine CPC goals and priority projects to include in the CPA Plan update.(1)    A draft plan will be released for public comment in the late summer/early fall.

Using this visual budgeting technique (what we like to call the “CPA Tetris Exercise”), citizens were empowered to create realistic budget scenarios and to directly shape the ultimate priorities included in the CPA Plan in a way that would never happen in a traditional public hearing format.

Sample Visual CPA Budget Proposal

One of the nine proposed visual CPA budgets generated by citizens at the Bridgewater CPC Workshop

(1) It is important to note that the CPC process is based on taking in applications for projects and making funding recommendations to the Town Council, therefore this budgeting exercise is simply a way to establish real and thoughtful priorities (there is little point in developing a “laundry list” of ideas that could never possibly be afforded) – the budget scenarios are not meant, in any way, to replace the application process.

Share

Historic Keith Homestead to be sold

Keith Homestead, 515 Lakeside Drive, Bridgewater, MA

Historic Keith Homestead, Bridgewater, MA

I am delighted to announce that the historic c.1783 Keith Homestead in Bridgewater will go on the market later this month.  The Keith Homestead, 515 Lakeside Drive, is set on scenic Lake Nippenicket at the end of a dead-end road and is surrounded by 99 acres of permanently protected conservation land that adjoins the Hockomock Swamp Wildlife Management Area.

JM Goldson has been supporting the Bridgewater CPC on this project for close to three years, from conception to implementation, and we are now in the final stage of implementation which is to sell the property to a buyer with a respect and passion for this historic home.

The project idea took hold when a group of concerned neighbors, working together with the Wildlands Trust of Southeastern Massachusetts, presented the project concept to the Bridgewater Community Preservation Committee.  The concept was for the town to approach the developer/owner of the property to negotiate an acquisition of the property and surrounding open space with the support of Community Preservation Act funds.  The then 14-acre property was approved for development of a cul-de-sac road and 10 single-family house lots and the likely demolition of the historic Keith house.

The Keith Homestead property has a long history – it was originally part of John Washburn’s share of the early land grants of Bridgewater.  In 1735, Moses Washburn, John Washburn’s grandson, sold this property to Samuel Keith.  Robert Keith, Samuel’s grandson and, during the Revolution, a minuteman in the company of Capt. Nathan Mitchell, built this house c. 1783 in the prevailing Georgian style.  The Keith family owned the property for 213 years and farmed the land as did subsequent home owners.  The property was sold to a developer in 2004.

The Robert Keith House has approximately 3,520 s.f. net area with five bedrooms and six fireplaces.  The building is comprised of a 2-story, 5-bay, south facing main block, a 2.5 story rear ell attached to the north elevation of the main block, a one-story addition attached to the northwest corner of the rear ell, and a one-story garage addition attached to the west elevation.

The interior of the Keith House has many historic features intact spanning from the period of construction (late 18th century), through the 19th century including Greek Revival style elements as well as Victorian-era, to the early 20th century.  The property will be permanently protected with a Preservation Restriction that will be held by Historic New England through its stewardship easement program.  The Town has selected broker John Petraglia of Petraglia Real Estate, specialists in older, antique, and historic homes, as the agent.  Mr. Petraglia can be reached at 508-476-7745 or at

petragliarealestate@verizon.net.

The Request for Proposals for Disposition of Town Property will be released later this month.  Stay tuned. . .

Lake Nippenicket, Bridgewater, MA

View of Lake Nippenicket from shores at the end of Lakeside Drive

Share

Stoughton adopts final Community Preservation Plan

Excerpt from Stoughton's Community Preservation Plan, prepared by JM Goldson

JM Goldson is pleased to provide a link to the Stoughton Community Preservation Plan which was adopted in November.  JM Goldson worked closely with the Stoughton Community Preservation Committee, particularly Chair John Morton, to create this plan and incorporate strong community participation to help the CPC prioritize goals and project possibilities.  See this past blog post describing the terrific turn-out at the community workshop.

We are proud that this plan does not include a laundry list of all possible projects nor does it have broadly generalized goals – instead we worked with the community to truly prioritize.  This plan provides the Town, and particularly the CPC, direction and focus for the use of its CPA funds for 3 years (FY2013-2015).

Note:  Appendix D of the Plan includes a new CPC application for Stoughton that was included as part of JM Goldson’s planning work.

Share

Kickstarter Projects

Happy new year!  As posted today on thisbigcity.net, Jillian Glover shares six projects funded by Kickstarter, “the world’s largest funding platform for creative projects.”  The projects are diverse and include Softwalks in NYC, Cinema Salem here in MA, and the movie Urbanized (now on my list of movies to see in 2013).  Kickstarter.net raises funds for creative projects through online pledges – if a project raises its goal of funds before its deadline then it is awarded the funds, if not, then the pledgers don’t owe anything.

There are many types of creative projects funded through Kickstarter that contribute to downtown revitalization such as public murals, community events, galleries, art shows, outdoor sculptures, public benches, and public gardens.

Share

The Economy & Traffic Congestion

If vehicle traffic flowed better through your downtown, would it improve the business climate?  Is it viewed as a hassle to go downtown because traffic is too congested so more people shop at the mall due to “convenience?”  Is traffic congestion a drag on the economy?  Professor Eric Dumbaugh offers a thoughtful analysis of this issue in his June 1, 2012 article “Rethinking the Economics of Traffic Congestion” in the Atlantic Cities.

Based on common perception it may be surprising to learn that in a recent study conducted by Dumbaugh and Wenhao Li they find that every 10% of increase in traffic delay per person was associated with a 3.4% increase per capita gross domestic product (GDP).  This was not a typo – let me restate: more traffic congestion is associated with an increase in GDP.

As Dumbaugh asserts, the relationship is not causal (meaning the traffic congestion does not in and of itself improve the economy) but GDP and traffic congestion are tied to a common variable – “the presence of a vibrant, economically-productive city.”

Dumbaugh concludes:

None of this is to suggest that there is no benefit in having our transportation system operate efficiently. But automobile congestion, vehicle delay, and their proxy, level-of-service, are not measures of system efficiency. Nor are they measures of economic vitality. They are nothing more or less than measures of how convenient it is to drive an automobile.

Share